St. Kitts Nevis Independence
Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts), Nevis, and Anguilla were united as a single British colony in 1882, and from 1958 until 1962 they formed a unit of the (British) Federation of the West Indies. The associated state of Saint Christopher–Nevis–Anguilla was formed on February 27, 1967, but Anguilla ejected government authorities on May 30 and officially proclaimed independence in July because Anguillans felt that their small population would suffer discrimination in the local parliament. The flag of Saint Christopher–Nevis–Anguilla, consisting of vertical stripes of green-yellow-blue with a central black palm tree having three roots and three fronds, was thereafter no longer appropriate for the federation.
At midnight September 18–19, 1983, when the federation received its independence from Britain, the renamed Saint Kitts and Nevis hoisted a new national flag, which it continues to use. Designed by Edrice Lewis, the flag has a green triangle for the fertility of the islands and a red triangle for the years of struggle against slavery and colonialism. Running diagonally through the centre is a black stripe reflecting the African heritage of the people. Narrow yellow borders flanking the stripe refer to the brilliant sunshine of the islands. The stripe bears two white stars, one for each island, as symbols of hope and liberty. The flag was submitted in a competition, and the design was approved by the College of Arms of England, which is the heraldic authority for many Commonwealth nations.
Independence News & Notices
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The West Indies Federation, also known as the West Indies, the Federation of the West Indies or the West Indian Federation, was a short-lived political union that existed from 3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962. Various islands in the Caribbean that were colonies of the United Kingdom, including Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Jamaica, and those on the Leeward and Windward Islands, came together to form the Federation, with its capital in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.
In 1967, the territory of Saint Christopher–Nevis–Anguilla was granted full internal autonomy, as an Associated State of the United Kingdom. The UK retained responsibility for defence and external affairs, while a new judicial system was established, the West Indies Associated States Supreme Court (although the Privy Council remained the highest court of appeal)
In the elections of 1975 the Labour Party obtained a mandate to seek independence from Britain. Discussions started in earnest in 1976 but an effective resolution of the Anguilla problem could not be found.
St. Kitts-Nevis was granted Independence from Great Britain on the 19th September 1983. A twin island federation was created. The new constitution gave Nevis its own local administration and the option to leave the federation following a referendum on that island. St. Kitts was to be administered only by the Federal Government